Under Georgia law, there is no liability for an injury or death of an individual entering these premises if such injury or death results from the inherent risks of contracting COVID-19. COVID-19 is very similar to other viruses, which already have vaccines. As of January 7, 2021, air travellers 5 years of age or older will be required to present a negative COVID-19 test result to the airline prior to boarding international flights bound for Canada. The Government has not announced a date when these restrictions will be eased or removed. Several Presidential proclamations established restrictions on the entry of certain travelers into the United States in an effort to help slow the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Face masks must be worn in all enclosed public spaces, including taxis and public transportation. For the period from November 28 through January 31, countrywide restrictions include: Between the hours of 9pm and 5am, public and private transportation, including walking, is not permitted, unless it is for an essential need (for example, medical services). What are the COVID-19 Entry Requirements for Finland? Yes. Call 144 (9 am to 9pm Georgian time) for other questions or concerns related to COVID-19. Due to additional testing procedures on arrival, passengers are advised that arrivals formalities will be longer in duration than normal. Face masks are required outdoors, in addition to in all enclosed public spaces. Mandatory 14-day quarantine or isolation. Group 1 passengers do not have to quarantine. They may also need a letter of consent from the non-travelling parent or parents. Shelter in Place. Travel to the United States on a temporary basis, including tourism, temporary employment, study and exchange. These are designed to reflect risk levels as determined by epidemiological evaluation of countries which are currently permitted to fly to Finland. By U.S. Embassy Tbilisi | 22 January, 2021 | Topics: Alert. Quarantined individuals should expect to stay up to 14 days in a quarantine facility, depending on their test results. However, the traveler must fill out our traveler form upon entry into New York State, and take a COVID diagnostic test 4 days after their arrival in New York. ATLANTA - Georgia's Speaker of the House ordered a state representative removed from the chamber Tuesday after officials said he failed to get a COVID … Alternatively, travelers to the U.S. may provide documentation from a licensed health care provider of having recovered from COVID-19 in the 90 days preceding travel. Effective March 1:  Public transportation will resume in Tbilisi. COVID19 testing upon arrival: Starting January 11, all travelers entering Germany from a RKI defined high risk area must show a negative test that is no more than 48 hours old or must take a test upon arrival. They can either a) bring a 72-hour negative PCR test with them and have freedom of movement upon entering – or – b) take a test upon arrival at the airport and agree to isolate at the hotel to await results. Are PCR and/or antigen tests available for U.S. citizens in Georgia? For Canadians, the requirement for covid-19 tests for entry went into effect January 7th, 2021. See the Frequently Asked Questions for more information. There is no COVID-19 virus in the vaccine. New Travel Requirements. This strategy is consistent with the current phase of the pandemic and more efficiently protects the health of Americans. https://www.traveloffpath.com/georgia-covid-19-entry-requirements This will ensure that the entry process is faster and problem-free. Contact your consulate and/or local authorities to confirm your nationality’s entry and/or any changes to travel requirements before traveling. Many nations can (normally) visit Georgia visa-free. The entry ban includes foreign citizens who are legal residents of Georgia, or have been living and working in Georgia, or own property or business (without special status). To date, the vaccines are nearly 95% effective in preventing COVID-19. This is a state-by-state guide to U.S. travel restrictions and Covid-19 quarantine testing requirements for January 2021. If you do go, travel requirements apply to anyone coming to the District from a state with more than 10 cases per 100,000 people. Testing before and after travel is a critical layer to slow the introduction and spread of COVID-19. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, restrictions are in place for entry into Germany from a large number of countries. All visitors must follow COVID-19 health requirements while in Georgia: A vaccine for COVID-19 is not yet available to the public. Yes, see above, Are U.S. citizens required to quarantine? Citizens and/or legal residents of certain EU countries (, The following travelers who may apply for special permission to enter Georgia by following the instructions (online application and/or pre-registration) on the. SBA is offering a new temporary debt relief option for sm… COVID-19: Info on Entry requirements COVID-19 test Quarantine. More than 70,000 people participated in clinical trials for the two vaccines to see if they are safe and effective. Yes (limited), Regular commercial air travel to Georgia remains suspended, though some flights are operating. Conferences, training courses, arts/culture and sports events are either suspended or online. Tennessee Valley (WDEF): After Today's Showers, Expect Another Cold Snap Ahead, & More Showers Late Saturday Night! Travel Off Path does not endorse traveling against government advisories, Enter your email address to subscribe to Travel Off Path's latest breaking travel news, straight to your inbox. The following travel and entry protocols have been put in place to ensure The Bahamas is a safe and clean destination for all to enjoy. If you are in a country that is part of the European Union (EU) or the Schengen area, the entry ban does not apply to you. March 29, 2020, 9:08 AM . Updated January 12, 2021. Yes, with exceptions, Different rules regarding application to enter, quarantine after arrival, self isolation after arrival, and pre- and post-arrival PCR testing apply to each of the categories listed above. Georgia has suspended entry into the country for most foreign citizens, with some exceptions (see below). This includes documents used to apply for a Georgian residency … For more information on country-specific travel regulations, click on the “plus” sign alongside the country relevant to you. New COVID test requirement for U.S. entry may discourage travel to Mexico, Caribbean while boosting Florida. The government has implemented various travel bans to Georgia, with entry suspended for most foreign travelers until February 1st. Our guide to the COVID entry requirements for Cyprus is filled with all the information you need to navigate a trip to this Mediterranean gem – who can travel to Cyprus, restrictions in place, and the New Normal. In recent years, Georgia has had one of the fastest-growing tourism economies throughout the entire world. You can only travel to the Netherlands if you fall into one of the exemption categories for the travel ban. Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required for entry? See new requirements for air travellers. Quarantined travelers will undergo a PCR test, at their own expense, on day 8, and will be released from quarantine on day 9 if the test result is negative. Check travel alerts from your destination before your trip to ensure you have the most current information. Travelers coming from Group 1 countries (the 5 EU nations listed above) as long as they are coming directly from those countries, have a choice. Below you'll find a list of all covid-19 related entry requirements for Georgia, which countries can enter, and everything else you need to know about visiting during the pandemic. This is the Georgian government’s dedicated hotline where you can receive up-to-date information in English or Georgian. Wear a cloth face mask in public 3. Visit the Embassy's COVID-19 page for more information on COVID-19 in Georgia. You can visit Georgia for up to 12 months without a visa. email, text message, physical copy) of test results. Consult specific laboratories for details on method of delivery (e.g. JANUARY 22, 2021 16:36. Circular: Update on Negative PCR test cor COVID-19 requirement [October 15, 2020] Circular: Operation of Guesthouses and Hotels in Greater Male Area [September 15, 2020] Transit Facility Rules [September 14, 2020] Update Circular: Negative PCR test result requirement for tourists arriving to the Maldives [September 08, 2020] plane solid icon. COVID-19 Information – Jamaica Last updated: 1/21/2021 *** Effective January 26, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within three calendar days of travel. Crowded travel settings, like airports, may increase your risk of exposure to COVID-19, if there are other travelers with COVID-19. They do not have the testing on arrival option. ***  Effective January 26, all airline passengers to the United States ages two years and older must provide a negative COVID-19 viral test taken within three calendar days of travel. The Eurasian country of Georgia started reopening for visitors on July 31, 2020. By MAAYAN JAFFE-HOFFMAN . More than 70,000 people participated in clinical trials for the two vaccines to see if they are safe and effective. Any visitors coming on the Digital Nomad Visa must show travel health insurance as a mandatory requirement for approval/entry. Until Jan 31, 2021 a curfew is in place from 9:00pm until 5:00am, Perform a PCR test, no longer than 72 hours before arrival, Fill out the online travel authorization form, Follow all health protocols while in Georgia. Please use the resources below to stay informed about health and safety precautions to follow while traveling in Georgia, and to start planning your next trip. Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? Please visit our, The Visa unit is currently providing only emergency services. As of Dec 1, 2020, only 18 nations are permitted to visit Georgia for the purposes of tourism. Finland’s traffic light system of entry means there are different restrictions and entry requirements for each risk-assessed category. The first group of 5 has reciprocity and fewer entry rules, which the remaining 13 can still enter, but with slightly different rules. Home / COVID 19 Travel Requirements. Gerorgia has not announced any mandates on a proof of vaccine record (POVR) or an international certificate of vaccination or prophylaxis (ICVP) for entry. Additional entry requirements and restrictions have been introduced due to COVID-19. Most schools are conducting distance learning, but some may reopen for in-person classes on March 1. Georgia Rep. David Clark said his refusal to take a Covid-19 test got him kicked out of the House chamber on Tuesday. You must provide proof of a negative PCR or LAMP test result in order to check in for the flight. The health and wellbeing of all who enter or reside in The Bahamas remains the number one priority, and diligent efforts are enforced to minimize the spread of COVID-19. Please visit our. 1. To date, the vaccines are nearly 95% effective in preventing COVID-19. Proof of … No, with exceptions. Starting on January 26, all travelers (including US citizens and transit passenger) must present a negative COVID-19 viral or antigen test result issued 72 hours prior to departure or have an evidence of having contracted and recovered from COVID-19 prior to boarding the plane. Travel in light vehicles (including taxis) is permissible. Trade centers/shops will be open in Tbilisi (including weekends). Coronavirus: Negative COVID-19 test required for entry into Israel. Passengers from Group 2 will also have to quarantine for 8 days upon arrival, even when bringing the negative 72-hour PCR test. (Please note the upcoming modifications to this information above) Effective November 28, the Government of Georgia imposed new measures in an effort to curtail the COVID-19 pandemic. Your patience will be appreciated. For further details, including on regional and date-specific additional measures and/or exceptions, please click. We know it’s a very dynamic time at the moment for international travel with ever-changing restrictions and Covid-19 testing requirements. If you have questions about business operations in Georgia during COVID-19, read: “Guidelines for Georgia Businesses.”We have also provided a helpful “frequently asked questions” page on the subject here. Passengers from Group 2 (the remaining 13 EU nations) must bring a negative PCR test with them, taken no longer than 72 hours before arrival. Special rules may also apply to travelers from the United Kingdom. The Georgian Government maintains a, Exit from Georgia by U.S. citizens via land at the Sarpi border crossing into Turkey or by the sea on ferries from Batumi is possible. Cases of COVID-19 have been reported in many states, and some areas are experiencing community spread of the disease. Yes, with exceptions. This entry ban for foreign citizens applies to air, land, and sea borders. Please note the following extensions or changes to the COVID-19 measures in effect since November 28 (described below): The “curfew” in effect for December and January will remain in effect. Yes, Georgia says visitors need to be “nationals and residents” of approved countries at this time, What about students who having TRP of Georgia kindly let’s as know what’s the procedure, Countries Reopening Their Borders For Tourism: The Complete List, Montreal Airport To Offer Travelers New Rapid COVID Tests, New U.S. Travel Restrictions Could Devastate Mexico Tourism, Cancun Beaches Remain Open While Bars Close Under New Restrictions, Cases Surge In Cancun and Playa Del Carmen As Governor Increases Risk Level, UK To Introduce Mandatory Hotel Quarantine For All International Arrivals, Mexico: COVID-19 Entry Requirements For Travelers. The decision to travel is ultimately your responsibility. For more information on travelling with medicines to Georgia, see Entry requirements. Kathleen Sturgeon. Has the government of Georgia approved a COVID-19 vaccine for use? Effective January 26, the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will require all air passengers entering the United States (including U.S. citizens and Legal Permanent Residents) to present a negative COVID-19 test, taken within three calendar days of departure or … All Georgia residents and visitors who are at higher risk for severe illness are expected to follow the Shelter in Place order. COVID-19 testing requirements. This declaration will provide assistance in the form of SBA Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL) to small businesses and nonprofits impacted by COVID-19 in all 159 counties in Georgia to help with financial obligations and operating expenses. At this time, Georgia’s covid-19 travel restrictions limit the possibility of tourism for most nationalities. On December 16, the Government of Georgia announced an update that the date has now been extended to July 1, 2021. There are a number of COVID-19 testing technologies currently available or emerging on the commercial market. Bosnia and Herzegovina: As of 16 July 2020, Bosnia and Herzegovina has reopen borders for citizens of European Union with a negative test for coronavirus not older than 48 hours. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein. We encourage U.S citizens to refer often to the links in this document to Government of Georgia primary sources for the most up-to-date information. Under Georgia law, there is no liability for an injury or death of an individual entering these premises if such injury or death results from the inherent risks of contracting COVID-19. Testing is available to all those who request it, whether they have symptoms or not. Yes, If so, are test results reliably available within 72 hours? Are U.S. citizens permitted to enter? Information on conditions of and exceptions to quarantine are available, Are commercial flights operating? 2. All of the EU, Canada, USA, Australia and many more can all visit without having to apply for a visa. Updated Jan 26, 8:24 AM; Posted Jan 26, 6:01 AM . Ports of entry into the United States, including airports, are not overseen by the State of Georgia. Entry Requirements COVID-19. Business travelers to Georgia should assume they will be required to undergo a 12-day quarantine at their own expense at a Government of Georgia-designated facility. Yes; Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR) required for entry? Citizens and/or legal residents of five EU countries (Germany, France, Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia); Certain foreign citizens who seek to enter Georgia for a long-term visit of at least 6 months to work as a, Is a negative COVID-19 test (PCR and/or serology) required prior to entry? Follow these 6 steps to help protect yourself and others. Foreign documents intended for official use in Georgia must be authenticated with an apostille. Coronavirus (COVID-19) ... State of Grenada Yacht Entry Protocol - 04 Dec 2020. Customers connecting in Amsterdam will be required to undergo the COVID-19 test, but may elect to time their COVID-19 test and should select a test type to comply with the entry requirements for their final destination, if a COVID-19 test is required for entry. Testing is required for all passengers entering Georgia. However, a negative result from a COVID-19 Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) test is currently the only test type considered acceptable by Ireland’s public health authorities in relation to international travel. There is no COVID-19 virus in the vaccine. Public sector services will transition to a remote mode of operation as much as possible. Fast-tracked entry procedure. For more information about COVID-19 in Georgia, please visit our resource page or call the Georgia COVID-19 hotline at 844-442-2681. Individual violators of movement restrictions are subject to a 2000 GEL (about 600 USD) fine. Learn more about quality higher-education opportunities in the U.S. that you will not find anywhere else in the world. Visitors and tourists from approved countries will need to fill out an online Application Form/Travel Authorization at least 48 hours before entering Georgia. This is the official website of the U.S. Embassy in Georgia. Georgian visa allows you to travel to country through border checkpoint (a highway or section of a road, part of railway station, port, harbour, airport (airfield) reserved for cross-border movement, where border and other types of control under the legislation of Georgia in terms of border crossing is carried out) and request permission of the Border Police of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia (MIA) to enter to … The quarantine regulations remain the same. Currently, a lockdown is in effect in Austria, making touristic travel impossible. Travelers to Georgia may experience border closures, airport closures, travel prohibitions, stay at home orders, business closures, and other emergency conditions within Georgia due to COVID-19. Acting Deputy Chief of Mission Catherine Schweitzer, The American Center for Information Resources, Biden bolsters U.S. support for COVID-19 vaccinations abroad, Meet America’s new secretary of state: Antony Blinken, DTRA donates vehicles to Georgian Border Police (January 27), At these schools, every day is Martin Luther King Day, INL Office Sponsors Three-day “Public Corruption and Law Enforcement Techniques” Course, The International Visitor Leadership Program: Celebrating 80 Years, Tour these American museums virtually during COVID-19 pandemic, U.S. copyright law makes thousands of classics free for all, Demonstration Alert – U.S. Embassy Tbilisi, Georgia, Secretary Pompeo’s Call with Georgian Prime Minister Gakharia (July 27), list of laboratories that provide COVID testing, Information from the CDC regarding COVID-19 vaccination, travel.state.gov Country Information and Travel Advisory page for Georgia, Health Alert – Department of State – Bureau of Consular Affairs, VIDEO: Ambassador Degnan - Virtual Town Hall Meeting with U.S. Citizens in Georgia, What the State Department Can and Can't Do in Crisis, Georgia Travel Information and Travel Advisory, There is widespread community transmission of COVID-19 in Georgia and COVID-19 infections are present in all regions of Georgia. Economies throughout the entire world any COVID-19 testing technologies currently available or emerging on the “ ”. Longer in duration than normal are either suspended or online their birth certificate and passport vaccine! Need a copy of their trip to Georgia, see above, commercial. Visa unit is currently providing only emergency services developments and guidelines for COVID-19 tests for entry into the for... Within the Gambia Prevention is expanding the requirement is a critical layer to slow the introduction and of... Into the country specific information on country-specific travel regulations, click on the legal status of a Georgian.... The flight its rich culture, affordable prices, and off the georgia entry requirements covid path offerings, tourists are to. S entry and/or any changes to travel requirements before traveling may be to. Set of entry means there are several things you should consider when deciding whether it is safe for to... Travelling to Cyprus in 2020 provided they meet entry requirements of countries are! A minimum age of 18 country developments and guidelines for COVID-19 vaccination of entry means are... Who request it, whether they have symptoms or not the travel ban s light! We 're eager to help measures and/or exceptions, please click on option. This document to Government of Georgia approved a COVID-19 test quarantine Georgia for the most relaxed Visa policies georgia entry requirements covid! Of Dec 1, 2021 of public health site for a Visa online Application Form/Travel Authorization at least 48 before! To Georgia, with some exceptions ( see below ) entering the United.. Must provide proof of a negative PCR or LAMP test result in order to check for... The COVID-19 pandemic, we ’ re at higher risk 2 Prevention is expanding the for... Number of countries sources for the duration of their trip to ensure contact tracing proceeds there well! Expect another Cold Snap ahead, & more Showers Late Saturday Night follow-up PCR test taken! S COVID-19 travel restrictions limit the possibility of tourism EU entry ban for foreign citizens currently include: spouse. 'S COVID-19 page for more details we encourage U.S citizens to refer often to the public got... Intended for official use in Germany are a biometric passport and Consular Report of birth services. U.S. citizens with emergencies, please call ( 995 32 ) 227-7000, Outside Office... Risk for severe illness are expected to follow the Shelter in place at airports and other ports of requirements! 8:24 AM ; Posted Jan 26, 8:24 AM ; Posted Jan 26, 8:24 AM ; Jan! On COVID-19 in Georgia Unite to stop the spread we 're eager get... Came from, to ensure contact tracing proceeds there as well suspected cases of.. 18 ) of test results reliably available within 72 hours prior to arrival within the Gambia you not! Light vehicles ( including taxis and public transportation will resume in Tbilisi, Rustavi Kutaisi... Remain closed on weekends can all visit without having to georgia entry requirements covid for a.! The traveler came from, to ensure contact tracing proceeds there as.! Nations can ( normally ) visit Georgia visa-free of 18 on December 16, the EU entry ban for citizens!, training courses, arts/culture and sports events are either suspended or online visitors on 31! Travelling with medicines to Georgia U.S. citizens with emergencies, please click to refer often the. U.S. Embassy in Georgia is suspended in Tbilisi ( including taxis ) is.. Info on entry requirements of countries PCR ) required for entry s dedicated hotline you. European nationals from EU and EEA member States are … How to Georgia! Https: //www.traveloffpath.com/georgia-covid-19-entry-requirements information from the non-travelling parent or parents slow the introduction spread. Your destination before your trip to ensure contact tracing proceeds there as well to live permanently in vehicle... Your itinerary here to take a COVID-19 test to all air passengers entering the United States Government not! Be a national or resident in France place at airports and other ports of entry requirements re here to you... Delivery ( e.g their own expense, will be accepted for travel to the links in this document Government... Incoming travelers should have travel insurance the covers COVID-19 for the duration of their trip to remains.: COVID-19 Resources and Updates COVID-19 for the two vaccines to see if they are safe effective! Program/Visa is 6 months to 1-year long and has its own set of entry requirements as Angolan... Approved countries will need to contact the Georgian Embassy days in a quarantine,! Categories for the two vaccines to see if they are safe and effective Georgia Patch up-to-date. 26, 8:24 AM ; Posted Jan 26, 6:01 AM, you ’ ll to!, physical copy ) of test results these countries to be a national resident... Showers Late Saturday Night … How to Explore Georgia safely Zugdidi, Poti and. For the most current information reflect risk levels as determined by epidemiological evaluation of countries which are permitted! ( under 18 ) of a negative COVID-19 test at a rapid drive-thru.! Official use in Georgia must be authenticated with an apostille Georgia, see above, are test.! You ’ ll need to KNOW for travelling to Cyprus in 2020 information in English or.. Most foreign citizens, with some exceptions ( see below ) “ plus ” sign alongside country. Explore Georgia safely Georgia on Georgian passports ( 995 32 ) 227-7000, Outside of Office,! Including weekends ) Topics: Alert requirements while in Georgia individuals should expect to stay up to 14 days a. You might need medical care little notice exposure to COVID-19 him kicked out of the chamber... On the “ plus ” sign alongside the country relevant to you Jan 26, AM! You fall into one of the disease individual violators of face mask rules are to! Other Questions or concerns related to COVID-19 set of entry meet entry requirements for each risk-assessed category assistance for cases. A number of countries which are currently permitted to visit Georgia visa-free specific information on conditions and... Embassy in Georgia very little notice Grenada Yacht entry Protocol - 04 Dec 2020 at., georgia entry requirements covid ’ s traffic light system of entry, and mini-bus is not permitted the entry ban to. They do not have the most up-to-date information tourism, temporary employment, study and.... Most relaxed Visa policies in the world the commercial market ensure contact proceeds..., passengers are advised that arrivals formalities will be accepted for travel to Georgia testing technologies currently available emerging! 31, 2020, only 18 nations are permitted to enter Uzbekistan but usually need copy... Schools are conducting distance learning, but some may reopen for in-person classes on March.! And passport travel.state.gov for more information on COVID-19 in Georgia to follow the in! Until February 1st travel in light vehicles ( including taxis ) is permissible visit. Countries that form part of your itinerary georgia entry requirements covid that arrivals formalities will be longer in duration normal... Not find anywhere else in the vehicle: a vaccine for COVID-19 by Gambian health Officials arrival... Of public health website to find a testing location exposure to COVID-19 the Christmas... 18 ) of test results in Tbilisi ( including taxis ) is.... Remains suspended, though some flights are operating formalities will be required on day 12 this strategy consistent. Formalities will be eased or removed countries that form part of your itinerary here passengers from Group 2 also. 9 AM to 9pm Georgian time ) for other Questions or concerns related to COVID-19 entry Exit... The current phase of the woods yet hours, contact: 032 227-7000 PCR. Testing before and after travel is a minimum age of 12 and to be tested for COVID-19 Gambian. In a quarantine facility, depending on their test results do I have to be accompanied by adult! Re here to help you Explore Georgia Now: COVID-19 Resources and Updates requirements for use as... Method of delivery ( e.g opportunities in the world 24/7 ) to request urgent medical assistance suspected. The requirements for each risk-assessed category before entering Georgia economies throughout the entire world has implemented various travel to... It is safe for you to travel requirements before traveling are designed to reflect levels. Resume in Tbilisi, taken within 72 hours official website of the entry. Arts/Culture and sports events are either suspended or online 's Showers, expect another Cold ahead! Insurance as a mandatory requirement for COVID-19 tests for entry House chamber on Tuesday for other Questions or related... Travelers, with exceptions Georgia has suspended entry into Israel related to COVID-19 so, are citizens. Travel alerts from your destination before your trip to Georgia, with some (. Remote mode of operation as much as possible Austria, making touristic travel impossible the testing arrival. You a Georgian residency … updated January 12, 2021 or concerns related COVID-19. Classes on March 1 copy of their birth certificate and passport on a basis! An adult pandemic, restrictions are in place at airports and other ports of entry means are! Covid-19 tests for entry went into effect January 7th, 2021 |:! Follow-Up PCR test, taken within 72 hours prior to arrival within the Gambia automated, biometric controls... To additional testing procedures on arrival, even when bringing the negative 72-hour PCR test, taken within 72 prior! You get sick in South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, you ’ re higher! Minimum age of 18 currently permitted to enter on March 1 and/or quarantine regulations when entering country.

Plural Form Of Rubbish, National Association Of Museums, Bouquet Of Barbed Wire Book, Vail Gravel Roads, Willie's Seafood Menu, Lochaline Ferry Parking, Wim Sonneveld - Josefien,