The purpose of a literature essay analysis is to evaluate and examine a particular literary work or some aspect of it. Identify and introduce the topic clearly, including a preview of what is to follow. In theoretical analysis, on the other hand, the codification process is theory-driven, hence good understanding of available and accessible literature is more helpful in this case. Start by looking for the action in the sentence. Identifying a theme is tricky, so tell students that you’re writing down a possible theme too. In this kind of analysis, the review of prior literature may restrict the researcher’s engagement with the data, so it is advised to first browse through the data carefully. However, in order to build and maintain a reader’s interest, the writer needs to introduce obstacles that a character needs to overcome. While we want our kids to move beyond summary to analysis, they still need to... 3. In most active sentences, the performer usually comes first, then the action, then the object. Write with an awareness of the stylistic aspects of composition. Scaffolding, Active Engagement, Modeling, Explicit Instruction. He was eaten for supper by the little Pig. They include: Write down your thoughts while reading the text. Piggy’s glasses represent knowledge, the conch stands for order, and the “beast” rep… Making the leap from literature to literary analysis can be difficult for some, so allow time for additional explanation about the nature of analysis. “When we analyze something, we break it down into its separate parts and look at how those parts work together. When students are finished, ask them to share the events they identified for each part of the plot structure. Two effective responses are the third little pig or the wolf. Writing a title and introduction. Put these two pieces in the common order: performer first, action second. Here you also try to attract interest of your reader to your paper, that could be done by asking rhetorical question, providing relevant quote or revealing an unknown fact about the problem or the work. These archetypes may be themes, such as love, characterizations, such as the hero; or patterns, such as death and rebirth. Now, take 2 or 3 minutes in your group to talk about the theme of ‘The Three Little Pigs.’ Write down one sentence you can agree on that states a possible theme or lesson the story teaches.”. The writer uses portions of the text, as well as his or her reasoning, to demonstrate how the evidence supports the interpretation. If students need more instruction about what a theme is, discuss the theme of another popular tale, such as “Humpty Dumpty” or “Cinderella,” which you discussed earlier in the lesson. Literary analysis is a practice of looking closely at small parts to understand how they affect the whole, as well as examining and sometimes evaluating a piece of literature. Literary analysis requires the writer to carefully follow a theme, motif, character development or stylistic element and examine its importance within the context of the book. Topics can be divided into the main literary elements: 1. What do we ‘do’ when studying Literature? Using a familiar children’s tale for the first experience with the analytical process allows students to focus on the process itself rather than having to deal with new reading material as well. Instead, a literary analysis discusses a writer’s interpretation of a text through careful examination of the author’s choices within the text: word choice, themes, motifs, as well as many other literary devices. 3. You should definitely include the name of the author, the name of his work as well as provide some additional information on the novel or story. Here is a guide that outlines everything you need to know to write a good literary analysis. Ask students if they have any questions about the basic plot elements. Archetype: something that repre… So far in the process of my research, I have been reading other critiques on the piece and about the physician who inspired Gilman to write this story in the first place. Writing a Literary Analysis. Step 4. The character gets or doesn’t get what s/he wants. By familiarizing themselves with the definition and its various … Kids need to see that analyzing text is not something that just happens. Access the story at, www.read.gov/books/pageturner/2003juv81093/#page/2/mode/2up. Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research, applying grade-level reading standards for literature and literary nonfiction. The purpose of this type of analysis is to define and sometimes assess a literary world critically or an aspect of it. Literary Analysis Essay іѕ аn асаdеmіс tаѕk thаt еxаmіnеѕ аnd еvаluаtеѕ an lіtеrаrу wоrk оr a раrtісulаr aspect оf a раrtісulаr lіtеrаrу piece. identify some of the literary elements used within a particular selection, including characterization, setting, plot, and theme. Take note of students who may need additional help and work with them individually during the next class session. It is also the point at which you turn a critical eye to your earlier questions and observations to find the most compelling points and discard the ones that are a “stretch” or are fascinating but have no clear connection to the text as a whole. How to Analyze a Literary Work: Introduction to the Process Objectives. “The first step in the analysis is to break the story into its literary elements. Passive voice often makes the reader wonder who did something, because the performer of the action is often missing. Observe and assist students as they work on the plot graphs. How do grammar and the conventions of language influence spoken and written communication? Write with an awareness of the stylistic aspects of writing. Instructional videos haven't been assigned to the lesson plan. • Use sentences of varying lengths and complexities • Create tone and voice though precise language. For instance: Explain to students: “The thesis statement is the heart of your analysis, and the rest of it is presenting and explaining the evidence that supports your thesis. “It is difficult to tell who is doing what to what in this version. “So far, we’ve talked about how characters can affect the plot. To avoid this, we need to devote some time to showing kids the difference. Discuss any differences of opinion. Identifying Characters and Plot Elements. This can be achieved by breaking the work down into composite analysis. For example, what word or phrase would you use to describe the first pig, who made his house out of straw?” Let students respond. Log in, If you polled your students would they tell you that they, If we want students to truly understand what they are doing, we need to show them the process of analysis and then make it a daily habit, not just something for final assignments. Students will: The possible inclusion of commercial websites below is not an implied endorsement of their products, which are not free, and are not required for this lesson plan. Literary analysis essay outline looks like the outlines of other academic papers, but it may have more paragraphs depending on the writer’s flow of thoughts. Building materials into a pile on the ground makes no sense – the writer may lose the point in the middle of the process. Step 3. 1. (missing performer), “Share with a partner and double check each other’s work.”. The sentence ‘Scott plays the guitar’ in passive voice would read, ‘The guitar is played’ or ‘The guitar is played by Scott.’” Write the sentences for class viewing and label the parts. Sure, most readers like to learn about the setting and the characters before the main action starts, and the writer is able to give some of this information during the exposition. These key facts and events, then, begin to make up the evidence they will use later for analysis. analyzing the idea, plot, characters, tone, writing style, devices which the writer uses to narrate his story. It is a figure of speech where the author uses a repeated sound of the first/second letter … This theme of greed is supported by evidence drawn from the effects of character on the plot. Consequently, its structure and format should follow specific rules. Then decide who is doing the action. Organize the Notes and Outline. If you follow our previous tips, you won’t have much organizing to … This is the climax of the story. A pot full of water was hung on the blazing fire. Hе tаlkѕ аbоut thе grеаt іdеа оr … Setting 5. The clothes were neatly folded and put away in the dresser. A simple example is the sentence ‘Scott plays the guitar.’” Write this for class viewing and label the performer, action, and object. Possible answers: The third little pig is clever enough to build his house of bricks and thus saves his own life. Thematic analysis describes a somewhat straightforward process that allows you to get started analyzing interview data, but obviously there is a lot of learning by doing involved in carrying out the analysis, so it pays to be aware of common pitfalls when doing a thematic analysis. Have them respond to this question aloud. Do you think the setting plays an important role too? After you have glanced at each group’s work and provided verbal feedback, say, “Before we analyze the plot, let’s review the basic plot elements: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.” Give the groups copies of a plot graph (LW-8-1-1_Plot Diagram.docx). They may describe the first little pig as not particularly bright or not having foresight. How do strategic readers create meaning from informational and literary text? “As you can see, analyzing a story means examining the elements of a story and the ways they affect one another. For instance, one theme for the old nursery rhyme ‘Humpty Dumpty’ might be ‘Good intentions cannot solve every problem.’ All the king’s horses and all the king’s men try very hard to put Humpty Dumpty back together again after his fall, but they simply can’t do it. The kids brainstorm as many as they can. For example, what if the last paragraph of ‘The Three Little Pigs’ had been written like this: The little Pig saw what he was about. Literary analysis writing process is a usual thing for students who take English classes. (We recommend a separate document f… Lord of the Flies, for example, is filled to the brim with allegory. Organize the claim(s) with clear reasons and evidence clearly; clarify relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence by using words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion; provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text. The process of learning how to write a literary analysis can be daunting and overwhelming at first, but as you gain more practice with this kind of thinking, you can craft a method that works best for you. As with any analysis, this requires you to break the subject down into its component parts. The group presentations of students’ plot graphs will indicate clearly whether you need to do any whole-class review of terms or processes. Ask students whether they have any questions. Archetypal criticism is a critical approach to literature that seeks to find and understand the purpose of archetypeswithin literature. “What is the evidence from the text that supports your evaluation?” Let students respond. Therefore, the impact of the stepmother’s cruelty on the plot could become the focus of an analysis. In longer sentences, this can confuse the reader. They do a turn-and-talk and then we discuss their ideas as a class. These sections are enough to make the writing process simpler and enable sentences to build up coherently and support each other. “Make a list of the main characters.” The groups will most likely list the three pigs and the wolf. In this lesson, students will review literary elements and use this knowledge to analyze a children’s tale. An award for good citizenship was won by Ty. After you have reviewed and approved each group’s theme, say, “If you were about to write an analysis of this story, you would first decide on your thesis statement, the observation you want to make about the story. You may want to refer again to the Cinderella story to illustrate plot elements. Pick a few of the students’ responses and briefly discuss how their explanations could be turned into a thesis statement for an essay. In this kind of essay, the author examines the book, novel, play, etc. In this lesson, students will review literary elements and use that knowledge to analyze a literary work. It is also the pig’s cleverness that brings about the climax of the story when he takes the lid off the pot of boiling water just in time for the wolf to fall into it. Analyzing an independent reading book offers several advantages: the book has been selected by the student (although from a list you have provided), it offers fresh material to analyze, and it allows students to read one another’s analyses as they are in progress without the fear that they will all end up writing the same paper. Analyzing the Effect of Character on the Plot, Ask students to reread what they have recorded about each of the characters; then ask, “Does the characterization of any one of them have an important impact on the plot? (For ELL students or to review) Have students read another children’s tale, like “Goldilocks and the Three Bears,” and follow precisely the same process used with “The Three Little Pigs.” For ELL students, this has the added benefit of acquainting them with another tale often referred to and helps them become more familiar with the English-speaking culture. Critical Thinking Activities for Any Text. Introduction. What follows is a general examination of the tale: Step 2. 2. Note: Video playback may not work on all devices. Narrative. Unlike psychoanalytic critics, archetypal critics such as Frye do not attempt to explain why the archetypes exist. Literary devices 4. In fact, all of our lessons in ELA center around analyzing literature-- from fiction to poetry to nonfiction. develop evidence from a literary work to support a thesis statement. 4. When assigned to write literary analysis essays, many students question what a literary analysis essay actually is and what it comprises. IntroductionThe goal of this part is to explain your reader what your paper is going to be about. Walk around the room and help groups as needed. You will be asked to work in a group, to participate in class discussion, and to do individual exercises to develop your analytical skill.”. Teaching The Process of Literary Analysis 1. Teaching the Process for Literary Analysis. Access a version of the story at, http://www.read.gov/books/pageturner/2003juv81093/#page/2/mode/2up, Then put students in small groups of three or four and give them markers and sheets of chart paper. The falling action of the story shows the fulfillment of the climax, with the resolution providing an ending to the story.”. This makes it very clear who is doing what to what. While the grade is sometimes partially determined by the teacher's guidelines, success ultimately lies in the student's understanding of what makes a good literary analysis. “Now let’s think about how the stepmother influences or affects what happens in the story. These situations or events make up the rising action in the story. It is shown through the story’s characters and its plot and setting. For instance, let’s talk about the story Cinderella. Who is the audience? See Table 3). Why do writers write? When he discovers what the pig has done with the butter churn, he doesn’t go home mad; instead, he climbs onto the roof and down the chimney, determined to have pork for supper. Next, have the groups present the evidence for their thesis statement. Data analysis, findings and literature review 3.1 INTRODUCTION Chapter 2 described the research design and methodology. Either of the italicized sentences above could serve as the thesis sentence for an analysis of the story. Strategies for Teaching Secondary English. Literary Analysis. Is she important? “Now identify one important characteristic for each character you listed and record it next to that character’s name. Literary Analysis Essay. I transfer them to either a piece of chart paper or a digital file that we can add to and reference later. “Now we are going to analyze another story that most of us know: the tale of the three little pigs.” Go through the story with them. Copyright © 2021 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Download PSSA and PASA Anchors and Eligible Content, Early Learning: Pre-Kindergarten to Grade 3, PA Standards Instructional Frameworks: ELA, PA Standards Instructional Frameworks: Math, PA Standards Instructional Frameworks: Personal Finance, PA Roadmap: Focus on Effective Instruction, Voluntary Model Curriculum (sample unit and lesson plans), Organ and Tissue Donation Awareness Toolkit, http://www.glencoe.com/sec/literature/course/course1/unit/shortstory.shtml, How to Analyze a Literary Work: Practicing the Process, How to Analyze a Literary Work: Making the Process Your Own. Provide support when needed. Greediness can result in disaster. The literary piece of writing can be a short story, poem, or any other fictional or non-fictional work. In this case, use the sentence you have just composed for theme as your thesis statement. We’ve all read those papers that are nothing but plot... 2. Focus Question: How do we analyze literature? The thesis sentence should have a generous amount of evidence, and it should be, in some way, closely connected to the climax of the story.”, Take ten minutes to use the last paragraph of “The Three Little Pigs” to illustrate the different effects of active and passive voice in writing. How does interaction with text provoke thinking and response? I get the kids to make statements about key facts and events in the first section they read. Also, if groups have trouble picking out relevant evidence to support their thesis statement, you may need to review the matter with the entire class before proceeding. While working in their groups, individual students have repeated opportunities to compare their ideas with those of other members of their group and then with those of the members of other groups. Pitfalls. “Now we are going to look at a third important story element: setting.” If necessary, review the definition of setting. Undergraduate Educational Studies students have been finding out in a module that explores the nature of learning in the specific context of studying literary texts and taking part in the conversations that constitute literary studies. An allegory is when an author uses characters or events that represent larger, more abstract ideas. When you write a literary analysis essay, you should remember that, just like any other assay, should have certain elements that contribute to its structure. Archetypal criticism draws on the works of the psychoanalyst Carl Jung, literary critic Northrop Frye, and others. Who are the characters in this classic tale?” Write students’ responses for the class to view. After I returned the essays, I shared my disappointment and they didn’t seem surprised. Develop the analysis using relevant evidence from text(s) to support claims, opinions, ideas, and inferences and demonstrating an understanding of the text(s). This data has been generated by Essay Writers! A literary analysis is the process where you have to read a literary work and study it to figure out how the author gets his main points across. “Remember that a theme is always a general statement, one that could be used for more than one story. In this case, you used the theme sentence as the thesis statement and showed how one theme is revealed through the setting(s) and, for the other theme, through the personality and actions of the characters.”. It makes the reader wonder ‘who?’ It is as if the cover of the pot was magically removed and replaced, and we cannot really tell that the Little Pig was the one responsible for defeating the Wolf. “However, in passive voice, the position is often flipped; the object is often first, then the action, then the performer of the action. Identifying the Theme of the Story, “The last literary element we’re going to discuss is theme. As a result of this event, the character wins or loses. Students know that they are learning how to analyze a literary work and that they will be asked to write an analysis of their own independent reading book at the end of the unit. Themes 3. What is the purpose? The cover was put on again in an instant and the Wolf was boiled up. The pig’s cleverness shapes the story. The process of conducting a literature review Independent of what approach will be used to conduct the literature review, a number of steps that must be taken and decisions made to create a review that meets the requirements for publication (for specific considerations in relationship to each step. Imagine how uninteresting stories would be if the characters didn’t do anything or if everything was always okay. Teach the difference between summary and literary analysis. Dangers lurk in unexpected places. 1. This type of paper is aimed at discussing and analyzing a literary piece of writing. Let’s discuss the stepmother. I asked: You can get all of these ideas laid out and ready to go in my latest product: Your email address will not be published. Then you form a thesis statement and find evidence to support it. Because literary analysis depends on the writer's interpretation of the text, it's often necessary to convince the reader of your point of view. Students participate actively in groups as they analyze the story. This has enabled them to cultivate awareness of not only the requirements of literary study bu… Ask them to explain their choice using evidence from the text. If so, how?” For example, the brick house appears most frequently, but it does not affect the events involving the first two pigs. If you can’t find very much evidence for your statement, you need to choose a different one. Write their responses for class viewing. “Now complete this task by listing characteristics (precise words or phrases) for the other characters you have listed.” Walk around the room to make sure each group understands the task. Students may have a problem when they discover the sentences with missing subjects. Acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims and support claim with logical reasoning and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic. Still in groups, they work through the process of selecting relevant evidence to support a thesis statement. Use this teachable moment to elicit their agreement about how confusing passive voice can be. My. We’ve all read those papers that are nothing but plot summary when what we really wanted was analysis. How do readers know what to believe in what they read, hear, and view? literature or an aspect of a work of literature. Use the plot diagram to graph the plot of ‘The Three Little Pigs.’” Give students a time frame, and then walk around the room to review each group’s work. “As you can see from the diagram, most stories don’t follow a flat line. Choose language that expresses ideas precisely and concisely, recognizing and eliminating wordiness and redundancy. See that each student has a copy of the final paragraph or display it for class viewing. Then the object will come afterward.”. (Then you’ll have a theme in case no one else has one that works.) To start your literary analysis paper, you’ll need two things: a good … The determination of the wolf is the force that shapes the story. After you make notes, formulate questions, and set tentative hypotheses, you must analyze the subject of your close reading. This chapter discusses the research findings with reference to the literature reviewed. “The guitar, which is the object, is now the first thing we hear about, and then we know that it is being played, which is the action, but Scott, who is the performer of the action, either isn’t named at all or isn’t mentioned until the very end. Or, instead of focusing on theme, you could say, “The cleverness of the third little pig is the force that shapes the story of ‘The Three Little Pigs,’ and then you would show how his cleverness affects the plot of the story and creates the main conflict for the wolf. Here’s what I do: After my kids have read a short story or a section of a longer text, I. tell them to write as many statements as they can about what they have just read. The final song was sung by Kent and Keesha. Pausing after each step to compare their conclusions with those of other groups allows students to rethink the reasons for any differences and to make any necessary changes. This means that everything you would write in an analysis would be focused on this statement, and all your evidence would support this statement. Students discuss as a class and in small groups. though precise language. Process for Literary Analysis For my most recent literary analysis piece, I am doing The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Gilman, a short story first published in January 1892. Or you could lead the entire class in a quick graphing of the plot of Cinderella on chart paper as a model. Although it is sometimes appropriate to use passive voice, most writing should be in active voice. “‘Scott’ is the subject, the performer of the action, ‘plays’ is the action he is performing, and ‘guitar’ is the object he is playing. Greediness can result in disaster, as illustrated by the actions of the wolf, who is motivated by greed, and climaxes in his final ill-fated attempt to eat the third little pig. Possible answers include the road on which the pigs journey, the straw house, the stick house, the brick house, the turnip field, the apple orchard, the hill on the way home from the fair. Analysis: The process or result of identifying the parts of a whole and their relationships to one another. Introduce text(s) for the intended audience, state an opinion and/or topic, establish a situation, and create an organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support the writer’s purpose. It focuses on how the author uses characters, plot and structure, setting and a lot of other techniques to create a meaning. “Rewrite these passive voice sentences into active voice. It describes the main topic or idea of the book you read. A literary analysis is not merely a summary of a literary work. Perseverance does not always bring success. “During this unit, we will focus on learning how to analyze a literary passage, and at the close of the unit you will be asked to write your own literary analysis of your independent reading book. Organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories; use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts; provide a concluding statement or section; include formatting when useful to aiding comprehension. Unfortunately, the pot of boiling water finally puts an end to the wolf’s attempts to achieve his goal. I ask: We write the facts and events on the board and decide, together, which ones are the most important. We are simply examining how one story element, character, affects another story element, plot.”. a board, large screen, or easel with large drawing pad to put up examples, student responses, a pad of large sheets of chart paper, several sheets for each group, class viewing access to “The Three Little Pigs,” available at, access to an example of a plot graph (see. Those who need individual attention may meet with the teacher separately. Authors typically use allegory to teach a lesson of some sort. Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision. Despite the fact that he can’t blow down the brick house and is outsmarted about the turnips and the apples, he still tries to catch the third pig by making a date to go to the fair. 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