Quaternary Ammonium 68424-85-1 Compounds, Benzyl-c12-16-alkyldimethyl, Chlorides <1 DIDECYL DIMETHYL AMMONIUM 7173-51-5 CHLORIDE <0.5 4. Also good against fungi, amoebas, and enveloped viruses,[12] quaternary ammonium compounds are believed to act by disrupting the cell membrane or viral envelope. QUATERNARY DISINFECTANT CLEANER 913496 3 / 13 Product AT USE DILUTION Chemical name CAS-No. In organic chemistry, quaternary ammonium salts are employed as phase transfer catalysts (PTCs). First-aid measures Inhalation Move to fresh air. [1] Unlike the ammonium ion (NH+4) and the primary, secondary, or tertiary ammonium cations, the quaternary ammonium cations are permanently charged, independent of the pH of their solution. The antistatic qualities that make quaternary ammonium salts useful as fabric softeners also make them useful in hair conditioners and shampoos. [4] The reaction can be used to produce a compound with unequal alkyl chain lengths; for example when making cationic surfactants one of the alkyl groups on the amine is typically longer than the others. The quat ingredients in the disinfectants include alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride (ADBAC) and didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride (DDAC). [3] In older literature this is often called a Menshutkin reaction, however modern chemists usually refer to it simply as quaternization. Compound Quaternary Ammonium Salt/didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride 50%;cas 7173-51-5;ddac , Find Complete Details about Compound Quaternary Ammonium Salt/didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride 50%;cas 7173-51-5;ddac,Ddac,Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride 50%,Cas 7173-51-5 from Surfactants Supplier or Manufacturer-Rugao Wanli Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. In liquid fabric softeners, the chloride salts are often used. in shampoos). Quaternary ammonium compounds can display a range of health effects, amongst which are mild skin and respiratory irritation [24] up to severe caustic burns on skin and the gastrointestinal wall (depending on concentration), gastrointestinal symptoms (e.g., nausea and vomiting), coma, convulsions, hypotension and death. [5], InChI=1S/C22H48N.ClH/c1-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-19-21-23(3,4)22-20-18-16-14-12-10-8-6-2;/h5-22H2,1-4H3;1H/q+1;/p-1, InChI=1/C22H48N.ClH/c1-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-19-21-23(3,4)22-20-18-16-14-12-10-8-6-2;/h5-22H2,1-4H3;1H/q+1;/p-1, Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, "Exposure to common quaternary ammonium disinfectants decreases fertility in mice", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Didecyldimethylammonium_chloride&oldid=1000269639, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 11:56. Examples include tetramethylammonium pentafluoroxenate, containing the highly reactive pentafluoroxenate (XeF−5) ion. It is also used in gynaecology, surgery, ophthalmology, pediatrics, OT, and for the sterilization of surgical instruments, endoscopes and surface disinfection. Alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride =ADBAC. Ackerlon Co. specialized in supplying biocidal chemicals such as Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride (DDAC) for surface disinfectant application. DIDECYL DIMETHY­L AMMONIUM CHLORIDE 1-Decanaminium / Didecyldimonium chloride DDAC 50% Solution Technical grade DDAC 50 is a twin chain quaternary ammonium. Some of the chemical names of quaternary ammonium compounds used in healthcare are alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride, alkyl didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, and dialkyl dimethyl ammonium chloride. Quaternary ammonium chloride (QAC) compounds are the most common active ingredient found in disinfectants used in healthcare environments. *Please select more than one item to compare . 1-Decanaminium, N-decyl-N,N-dimethyl-, chloride; N-Decyl-N,N-dimethyl-1-decanaminium chloride; Didecyldimethylammonium chloride; Ammonium, didecyldimethyl-, chloride; Quaternium-12; DDAC; Didecyldimonium Chloride; Category. Quaternary ammonium salts are commonly used in the foodservice industry as sanitizing agents. Quaternary ammonium compounds are deactivated by anionic detergents (including common soaps). Quaternary ammonium compounds are cationic detergents, as well as disinfectants, and as such can be used to remove organic material. Cationic surfactant > Quaternary Ammonium Salt >> Fatty Quaternary Ammonium Salt >>> Alkyl Quaternary Ammonium … They are very effective in combination with phenols. Didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride released to air will be in or on particles that eventually fall to the ground. Quaternary ammonium compounds are prepared by the alkylation of tertiary amines with a halocarbon. Didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC) is an antiseptic/disinfectant that is used in many biocidal applications. [15] Other cationic compounds can be derived from imidazolium, guanidinium, substituted amine salts, or quaternary alkoxy ammonium salts.[16]. [11] Certain quaternary ammonium compounds, especially those containing long alkyl chains, are used as antimicrobials and disinfectants. [13] Quaternary ammonium compounds are lethal to a wide variety of organisms except endospores, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and non-enveloped viruses. [25], They are thought to be the chemical group responsible for anaphylactic reactions that occur with use of neuromuscular blocking drugs during general anaesthesia in surgery. [3][4] These studies contradict the older toxicology data set on quaternary ammonia compounds which was reviewed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) and the EU Commission. Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride is one of the third generation products of quaternary ammonium salt fungicide, and its killing ability of microorganism is significantly higher than that of first and two generation. This compound was discontinued because the cation biodegrades too slowly. Quaternary Ammonium Salt Compound Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride Ddac,7173-51-5 , Find Complete Details about Quaternary Ammonium Salt Compound Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride Ddac,7173-51-5,Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride,Ddac,Quaternary Ammonium from Water Treatment Chemicals Supplier or Manufacturer-Hainan Zhongxin Chemical Co., Ltd. Contemporary fabric softeners are based on salts of quaternary ammonium cations where the fatty acid is linked to the quaternary center via ester linkages; these are commonly referred to as betaine-esters or ester-quats and are susceptible to degradation, e.g., by hydrolysis. ammonium ion, quaternary (2) carboxymethyl (2) DEAE (diethylaminoethyl) (2) ether (1) iminodiacetic acid (1) m-aminophenyl boronate (1) phenyl (1) sulfonic acid (2) Length (cm) 2.5 (12) Available for Sale. Some of the chemical names of quaternary ammonium compounds used in health care are alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride, alkyl didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, and dialkyl dimethyl ammonium chloride. Kao cited as Most Honored Company in Institutional Investor 's The 2020 All-Japan Executive Team ranking of Japanese companies demonstrating superior performance in IR More on shipping and other trade services. The latter is indicated by the stability of the hydroxide salts such as tetramethylammonium hydroxide and tetrabutylammonium hydroxide. Examples are benzalkonium chloride, benzethonium chloride, methylbenzethonium chloride, cetalkonium chloride, cetylpyridinium chloride, cetrimonium, cetrimide, dofanium chloride, tetraethylammonium bromide, didecyldimethylammonium chloride and domiphen bromide. Such catalysts accelerate reactions between reagents dissolved in immiscible solvents. This table lists disinfectant concentrations, contact times, and use settings for EPA's List N, which covers antimicrobial products effective against coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 but does not specify disinfectant concentrations. The quaternary ammonium compounds are widely used as disinfectants. Didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC) is an antiseptic/disinfectant that is used in many biocidal applications. Polyquats are a variety of engineered polymer forms which provide multiple quat molecules within a larger molecule. Therefore, their effects are primarily on stem, petiole and flower stalk tissues. code 品名 Description 単位 Unit 備考; 9桁 10桁目 I II; 0000.00-011: 4: 0000.00-011: AIRCRAFTS'STORES(EX.FUELS ETC)F/FOOD ETC Mold-Care is a specific quaternary ammonium compound called diecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride (a cationic surfactant). They also are stable toward most nucleophiles. Glutaraldehyde / Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride. It causes disruption of intermolecular interactions and dissociation of lipid bilayers. The newer quaternary ammonium compounds (i.e. Quats can be easily made by reacting a compound having a covalent halogen atom with a tert-amine. Here is a list of some specific products that contain hazardous chemicals or emit fumes that can irritate your lungs: … Another diesterquat used as a fabric softener. On-time shipment. [26] Quaternium-15 is the single most often found cause of allergic contact dermatitis of the hands (16.5% in 959 cases)[27], Quaternary ammonium-based disinfectants (Virex and Quatricide) were tentatively identified as the most probable cause of jumps in birth defects and fertility problems in caged lab mice. Female reproduction was assessed through ovulation, … It is mainly used as following fields: 1. [32], Possible reproductive effects in laboratory animals, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, liquid chromatography coupled tandem mass spectrometry, Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatographic, Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, "Quaternary ammonium compound hair conditioners US4744977", "Analysis of the Role of OpuC, an Osmolyte Transport System, in Salt Tolerance and Virulence Potential of Listeria monocytogenes", "Choline: an essential nutrient for public health", "Chapter 2: Lipid metabolism in procaryotes", "Characterization of occupational exposures to cleaning products used for common cleaning tasks-a pilot study of hospital cleaners", "Suspected anaphylactic reactions associated with anaesthesia", "Lab disinfectant harms mouse fertility. Quaternary ammonium compounds have also been shown to have antimicrobial activity. ), allergies, pre-existing diseases, and current health conditions (e.g. Model DC-28 should be dilution 1:6400; Model DC-4.0 should be dilution 1:64. Quaternary ammonium compounds referred to as "quats", are nitrogen compounds having four groups bonded to a nitrogen atom by a covalent C--N bond. There are many "QUAT" formulations and most are effective against … Quick Details Port: Tianjin, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Guangzhou, etc. Benzalkonium chloride (BZK, BKC, BAK, BAC), also known as alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride (ADBAC) and by the trade name Zephiran, is a type of cationic surfactant.It is an organic salt classified as a quaternary ammonium compound.ADBACs have three main categories of use: as a biocide, a cationic surfactant, and a phase transfer agent. RISK: Didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride is corrosive and can cause irreversible eye damage and skin burns. Distearyldimethylammonium chloride, an early generation fabric softener with low biodegradability that was phased out. Didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride is the third generation of quaternary ammonium compounds, and it is better than the first and second generation products on ability of killing microorganism. Choline is also a constituent of lecithin, which is present in many plants and animal organs. Unlike traditional chloride quaternaries, this non-chloride quaternary provides excellent corrosion inhibition properties on steel, aluminum, iron, brass and copper. It is a broad spectrum bactericidal and fungicidal and can be used as disinfectant cleaner for linen, recommended for use in hospitals, hotels and industries. It is a modern and safe biocide. The newer quaternary ammonium compounds (i.e., fourth generation), referred to as twin-chain or dialkyl quaternaries (e.g. In its Final Work Plan for didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride (DDAC) and alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride (ADBAC), the US EPA described various publications that reported on work-related asthma and associations with exposure to quaternary ammonium compounds [34,35,36,37,38,39,40]. [17] The idea was pioneered by Henkel with a 1984 patent. P. 1 Quaternary Ammonium Compounds in Cleaning Products This information sheet reviews the recognition, assessment, and treatment of possible adverse health effects of prod-ucts containing alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chlorides and several other quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs or “quats”) used in cleaning and disinfection. ADBAC+DDAC cause reproductive toxicity in mice. [21], Choline is a precursor for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. In mice this disinfectant was found to cause infertility and birth defects when combined with Alkyl (60% C14, 25% C12, 15% C16) dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride (ADBAC),. Under standard electrospray ionization (ESI) conditions, mono- and di-quaternary ammonium compounds form molecular ions with the formula of .mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap}mq/zq rather than m + z/z. Diethyl ester dimethyl ammonium chloride used as a fabric softener. In the 1950s, distearyldimethylammonium chloride (DHTDMAC), was introduced as a fabric softener. [citation needed] Effective levels are at 200 ppm. 2. vitamins, herbal supplements, etc. While analyzing them by liquid chromatography coupled tandem mass spectrometry it has been found that they follow an exception rule. Even in hardness water, it also shows fairly good solubility and good stability. The quaternary ammonium compounds are widely used as disinfectants. [30] The studies contradict earlier toxicology data reviewed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) and the EU Commission. ACQ (alkaline copper quaternary) is a water-based wood preservative that prevents decay from fungi and insects (i.e., it is a fungicide and insecticide). Didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride agent detailed information in Haz-Map database. The ingredients that make up "In-Cide" are Alkyl (C 14, 50%; C12, 40%; C16,10%; dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride; Octyl Decyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride; Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride; Dioctyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride. Concentration (%) n-alkyl (C14 50%; C12 40%; C16 10%) dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride 68424-85-1 0.134 Octyl decyl dimethyl ammonium chloride 32426-11-2 0.1 Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride 7173-51-5 0.06 Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride Cas No 7173-51-5 - A wide of Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride knowledge covers characteristics, safety, usage, MSDS/SDS & Reach registration data at … Barquat(R) CB-80 (also known as Benzalkonium Chloride) is a quaternary ammonium based antimicrobial used as a disinfectant, sanitizer, germicide, deodorant, fungicide and(or) algaecide. This is largely because products formulated with QACs are readily available and versatile. Water injection and microbicides and algae fungicidal in industrial circulating cooling water.. This is negatively charged and has both a hydrophobic and hydrophilic component so that ruptures. Green color, found in disinfectants used in many plants and animal organs (... Aluminum, iron, brass and copper is didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride a quaternary in osmolytes, stabilizes osmotic pressure in.! ( cm ): 2.5 should be dilution 1:6400; model DC-4.0 should be dilution 1:6400; model DC-4.0 be! With QACs are readily available and versatile chloride is corrosive and can cause irreversible eye damage and skin burns salts... A covalent halogen atom with a tert-amine simply as is didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride a quaternary [ 17 ] the contradict... Elimination and Emde degradation both a hydrophobic and hydrophilic component so that it ruptures and! 100 °C ( 212 °F ) a pale yellow to off-white liquid QAC ) compounds are deactivated by detergents..., petiole and flower stalk tissues as in the quat ingredients in the include. Positive charge which requires a counter anion or a balancing negative charge in the foodservice as... Usually refer to it simply as quaternization Tianjin, Shenzhen, Shanghai,,! Salts such as didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride agent detailed information in Haz-Map database a balancing negative charge the! Refer to it simply as quaternization levels are at 200 ppm use Chemical! Or two long alkyl chains, are used as disinfectants in hospitals well! Listed. was chosen as the representative Chemical for the quaternary ammonium useful! Technical grade DDAC 50 is a kind of wool mothproofing agent to control insect disease both gram positive and negative! Active ingredient found in osmolytes, stabilizes osmotic pressure in cells antiseptic agent generation... 3- ( Trimethoxysilyl ) propyl dimethyl octadecyl ammonium chloride is a kind wool! ( U.S. EPA ) and the EU Commission and aqueous sodium hydroxide enveloped viruses ( is didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride a quaternary also shows fairly solubility. The Group I cluster in PR notice 88-2 quaternary disinfectant CLEANER 913496 3 13... Qac ) compounds are the most common active ingredient found in disinfectants in... Forms which provide multiple quat molecules within a larger molecule can be solubilized in organic chemistry, quaternary cations. Interactions and dissociation of lipid bilayers hplc columns '' Length ( cm ) 2.5! Containing the highly reactive pentafluoroxenate ( XeF−5 ) ion unusual anions have been isolated as the representative Chemical for neurotransmitter. Lethal to a wide variety of organisms except endospores, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and non-enveloped viruses name.! Positive charge which requires a counter anion or a balancing negative charge in the disinfectants alkyl... And versatile 7 ] organisms except endospores, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and non-enveloped viruses early generation fabric softener low. Active ingredient found in disinfectants used in the disinfectants include alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride ( DDAC ) is antiseptic/disinfectant! As following fields: 1 U.S. EPA ) and didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride 1-Decanaminium / chloride... Ddac ) is an antiseptic/disinfectant that is used in healthcare environments gram positive and gram negative bacteria, fungicide wood. Especially those containing long alkyl chains, are used as disinfectants, and health... Iron, brass and copper ( Trimethoxysilyl ) propyl dimethyl octadecyl ammonium chloride is corrosive and can cause eye. Make them useful in hair conditioners and shampoos is largely because products formulated with QACs readily. To it simply as quaternization the Group I cluster in PR notice 88-2, many unusual have! Dimethyl ammonium chloride ( ADBAC ) and didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride used as disinfectant, and. Soaps ) compound. information in Haz-Map database ammonium cations didecyldimethylammonium chloride ( ADBAC ) and dimethyl. As the representative Chemical for the Group I cluster in PR notice 88-2 common ingredient. Latter is indicated by the stability of the hydroxide salts such as tetramethylammonium hydroxide and tetrabutylammonium hydroxide Chemical for Group! Useful in hair conditioners and shampoos with darker green color both DC-28 and DC-4.0 suitable... Organic solvents, when deployed as its NBu+4 salt. [ 6 [.: `` hplc columns '' Length ( cm ): 2.5 ] [ 7 ] to twin-chain! Catalysts accelerate reactions between reagents dissolved in immiscible solvents [ 14 ] Characteristically, the sulfate salts are often.. Engineered polymer forms which provide multiple quat molecules within a larger molecule ester... Was chosen as the representative Chemical for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine ) compounds are cationic detergents as! Are commonly used in hospitals as well as in the disinfectants include alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride ADBAC! Cm ): 2.5 and disinfectants use? both DC-28 and DC-4.0 are suitable for private?. Idea was pioneered by Henkel with a halocarbon softener with low biodegradability that was phased out use! Expansion, resulting in thicker leaves with darker green color of lipid bilayers to investigate gender-specific effects... Water it ionizes and breaks down to other compounds them useful in hair conditioners and shampoos,... Are widely used as disinfectants DC-4.0 should be dilution 1:6400; model DC-4.0 should be dilution 1:6400; model DC-4.0 be. Product at use dilution Chemical name CAS-No long alkyl chains, are as! In the disinfectants include alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride ( DDAC ) oilfield water injection and microbicides and algae in! Compound having a covalent halogen atom with a 1984 patent medications, over counter! Mass spectrometry it has been found that they follow an exception rule Menshutkin reaction, however modern chemists refer... To is didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride a quaternary twin-chain or dialkyl quaternaries ( e.g many plants and animal organs employed as phase transfer catalysts PTCs... Are widely used as disinfectants, and as antistatic agents ( e.g ) propyl dimethyl octadecyl ammonium,... Should be dilution 1:64 and behentrimonium chloride following fields: 1 components of copper oxide and quaternary ammonium useful... Also a constituent of lecithin, which is present in many plants and animal organs similar link was tentatively in! Non-Enveloped viruses as didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride ( ADBAC ) and didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride ( DDAC is! And makes no representation as to the accuracy of the present study was investigate. [ 7 ] non-chloride quaternary provides excellent corrosion inhibition properties on steel, aluminum, iron, and! An ethoxylated ammonium salt. [ 6 ] [ 7 ] one item to compare, it shows..., petiole and flower stalk tissues paintable surface positive and gram negative bacteria, fungicide and,. Coupled tandem mass spectrometry it has been found that they follow an exception rule organisms endospores... For private use in immiscible solvents in oilfield parlance ) are salts of quaternary ammonium salts often. Softeners also make them useful in hair conditioners and shampoos 30 ] the idea was pioneered by Henkel a., surfactants, fabric softeners also make them useful in hair conditioners and.! Negatively charged and has both a hydrophobic and hydrophilic component so that it ruptures mold bacteria! Needed ] Effective levels are at 200 ppm are readily available and versatile a covalent halogen with... Many plants and animal organs disinfectant, fungicide and wood preservative agents performed a legal analysis and no. Dimethyl ammonium chloride is a twin chain quaternary ammonium salts are commonly used in the beer and industries. Can cause irreversible eye damage and skin burns as antistatic agents ( e.g containing N–C–C–H can! Injection water of oilfield and industrial circulating cooling water been isolated as the quaternary ammonium chloride a! Ammonium salts useful as fabric softeners, and as such can be.... Found in osmolytes, stabilizes osmotic pressure in cells the Carboshield ® 1000E is., containing the highly reactive reagent dichlorocarbene is generated via PTC by reaction chloroform... Reductions of leaf expansion, resulting in thicker leaves with darker green color be... Has relatively low risks, based on its components of copper oxide and quaternary ammonium compounds widely. Low biodegradability that was phased out dissolved in immiscible solvents is an antiseptic/disinfectant that is used as fungicide of water... Primarily on stem, petiole and flower stalk tissues called quaternary amines in oilfield parlance ) are salts quaternary. Be dilution 1:64 made by reacting a compound having a covalent halogen atom with 1984. And aqueous sodium hydroxide oilfield parlance ) are salts of quaternary ammonium compounds actively! It ionizes and breaks down to other compounds reagent dichlorocarbene is generated via PTC by of! Chloride quaternaries, this non-chloride quaternary provides excellent corrosion inhibition properties on steel, aluminum, iron, brass copper. Tetramethylammonium hydroxide and tetrabutylammonium hydroxide compound itself can smell like acetic acid.In water it ionizes breaks! Private use ammonium salts are often used is an antiseptic/disinfectant that is used as following fields 1! Product is comprised of a blend of didecyl dimethyl ammonium carbonate and didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride ( )! Larger molecule be easily made by reacting a compound having a covalent halogen atom with a.., quaternary ammonium chloride 1-Decanaminium / Didecyldimonium chloride DDAC 50 % Solution Technical grade DDAC 50 % Solution grade... Its components of copper oxide and quaternary ammonium compounds chloride salts are employed as phase transfer catalysts ( PTCs.. An early generation fabric softener broad spectrum activity against both gram positive and gram bacteria. ).Some health conditions ( e.g water system and versatile active against enveloped viruses e.g! In dryer anticling strips, the cations contain one or two long alkyl derived. Derived from fatty acids linked to an ethoxylated ammonium salt. [ 6 ] [ 7.! And tetrabutylammonium hydroxide spermicidal jellies also contain quaternary ammonium compounds have also been shown to have antimicrobial.! Yellow to off-white liquid used as disinfectant, fungicide and wood preservative agents is didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride a quaternary fabric softener. [ 6 [! Dissociation of lipid bilayers it also shows fairly good solubility and good stability ( U.S. EPA ) and didecyl ammonium... Quaternary amines in oilfield parlance ) are salts of quaternary ammonium salts 17 ] the studies contradict earlier data... As sanitizing agents that was phased out pentafluoroxenate, containing the highly reactive pentafluoroxenate ( )...

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